避免久坐早逝風險 每日需運動1小時

(中央社記者黃貞貞倫敦27日專電)根據1項對超過100萬名民眾進行的國際調查,久坐沙發看電視對身體健康造成的風險比久坐不動更嚴重,專家建議,每天1小時的運動有益健康。

挪威運動科學學院(Norwegian School of SportsSciences)與英國劍橋大學分析體能活動對健康的影響,從最懶散的每天運動不到5分鐘,到每年運動60到75分鐘,進行2到14年的研究分析,再調查其中有多少人過世。

研究人員指出,一天長坐8小時,但經常做體能活動的人,比起那些每天坐的時間較少,卻完全不運動的人,早逝的風險較低;那些長時間坐著又不運動的人,早逝的風險最高。

挪威運動科學學院教授厄克倫(Ulf Ekelund)指出,許多通勤到辦公室上班的人,經常必須長時間坐在辦公室,每天進行1小時的體能活動最為理想,例如晨跑,午餐時間外出散步,或是騎單車上班,如果做不到這些,至少每天要想辦法做一些運動。

他說,每天即使只做1小時的溫和運動,都對健康很有幫助。

這篇發表在「刺胳針」(Lancet)的研究報告指出,每天看電視超過3小時早逝的風險也提高,研判可能是很多人在晚餐後看電視,新陳代謝機能受到影響,同時不少人看電視時也會邊吃零食,生活型態普遍較不健康。

研究人員建議政府應該制定更有利民眾進行體能活動的政策,例如巴士站之間的距離應該拉長,鼓勵民眾多走路,同時讓辦公室員工可以更方便進行體能活動,例如午餐時間更彈性,以及辦公室內有淋浴設備。1050728

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