研究:男性焦慮 罹癌風險倍增

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現代社會壓力大,民眾普遍會為生活焦慮,根據一項最新英國研究發現,男性身心若常極度焦慮死於癌症風險的機率,是正常男性的2倍,但女性患有這類心理疾病,死於癌症的風險卻不會增加。

英國醫學研究會(Medical Research Council)和英國癌症研究協會(Cancer Research UK)這項研究追蹤了1萬5938名英國人,在這項研究中,共有126名男子(占全體1.8%)和215名女性(占全體2.4%)罹患廣泛性焦慮症(generalized anxiety disorder)。這種焦慮症的主要特點是過度和難以控制地對許多生活感到擔憂,症狀包括肌肉緊張、失眠、無法專心和坐立不安。

在長達15年的調查中,研究人員發現罹患這種焦慮症的男性,死於癌症機率是一般正常男性的2倍。而罹患焦慮症的女性死於癌症風險則未增加。這是因為,男性比起女性較可能藉由飲酒和吸菸來排解焦慮,因而增加罹癌風險。而女性則會尋求醫療協助,所以能趁早檢驗出罹患癌症,讓治療較為容易。

劍橋大學心理健康研究人員芮梅斯(Olivia Remes)表示,醫界普遍不夠重視焦慮症,但透過這項研究,證明焦慮不只是人格特質,而是一種失調,可能與癌症等死亡風險有關。

(中時電子報)

文章來源:Men with anxiety are more vulnerable to cancer, study says

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